Auckland is located on the North Island of New Zealand and this is the country's largest urban area. There were originally four independent cities, Auckland City, Waitakere, Manukau and the North Shore. The center of the urban area is located on a narrow spit of land that acts as a separator between the Manukau Inlet and Waitemata Harbour.
Auckland is popularly called the "City of Sails" because the harbor is often filled with sail boats. This city offers vibrant beach life at both Waitemata Harbour's popular beaches and good surfing conditions at Piha and Muriwai. Cultural activities can be found at both the Auckland Town Hall and Aotea Centre which host conferences and cultural events such as theater, kapa haka, concerts and opera.
Auckland has a population of 1.4 million inhabitants spread over an area twice as large as London. Auckland has people from a variety of cultures. The majority of inhabitants are of European descent, but the city also has significant groups of Maoris, people from the Pacific Islands and Asia. New Zealand has had the highest immigration level in the world, and the majority of immigrants come to Auckland. Ethnic groups from all over the world are present in Auckland, making the city the most cosmopolitan in the country.
The climate in Auckland is temperate; it is hot and humid in summer, and cool and damp in winter. The maximum temperature in July is 14-16°C, and the average temperature in January is 21-24°C, but it is often warmer in February than in January. There is abundant rainfall almost all year round (over 1100 mm annually), especially in winter.